Why AFM is Beneficial in Clean Technology?

StartUp City | Friday, April 09, 2021

Why AFM is Beneficial in Clean Technology? AFM is assisting in encouraging significant changes in renewable energy, making it more efficient and making it a practical alternative to fossil fuels.

FREMONT, CA: The research studies that atomic force microscopy has supported have reaped numerous benefits since its inception. The technique is known for providing three-dimensional surface profiles rather than two-dimensional images, which gives it an advantage over the electron microscope. Furthermore, no special treatment of the samples is necessary that may result in harm or permanent shift. Moreover, AFM has long been preferred because it can work in a range of conditions, including ambient air and even liquids, where the electron microscope cannot.

Energy storage is a significant subject of clean technology research that is being studied with AFM. When the input is high, batteries are being considered as a way to store the excess energy provided by natural sources (such as solar and wind). However, there is a need to build batteries with higher energy storage capacities and longer storage lifetimes.

Top 10 CleanTech Companies - 2020Scientists are using AFM to investigate local ionic transport and reactivity and characterize the impact of nanostructure on battery efficiency and reliability. They're focusing on the aging mechanisms in lithium-ion batteries, using AFM to better understand factors like surface film formation, morphological changes, and surface property changes. Researchers would be able to develop batteries that perform better and last longer as a result of this.

Another main field of renewable technology that benefits significantly from AFM is solar fuel development, which uses it to better understand the chemical, mechanical, and electrical properties needed to create practical solar fuel devices. AFM is being used to classify material surfaces and interfaces, which is a crucial line of inquiry.

By converting protons to hydrogen, carbon dioxide, or organic compounds, scientists expect to turn solar energy into chemical energy. However, there has yet to be established a realistic and effective method for accomplishing this. AFM is now being used in laboratories worldwide to understand how to help effective multi-electron transfer processes.

The ability to provide ultra-high-resolution imaging in three dimensions without destroying the sample and the ability to operate in ambient air and liquid environments proves beneficial to the clean technology industry. This has helped scientists investigate the electrochemical processes, reaction mechanisms, and degradation of materials used in batteries in greater detail, enabling them to create new-generation batteries with higher storage capacities and longer lifespans.

It has also facilitated research into how solar energy can be transformed into a synthetic chemical fuel, enabling researchers to store and use solar energy in a more stable and dependable form than solar power produced directly from the sun.

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