IoT sensors can enable a bunch of possibilities in the aquatic animal tracking domain.
FREMONT, CA: The philosophy of evolution without a sensitive touch leads to chaos, and if not confined within an ethical boundary further gives rise to destruction. During our evolution, we forgot what and how to harness, while severely damaging and endangering the aquatic, areal, and land resources. So, the question of why are marine animal monitoring vital needs no explanation at all.
However, in recent times, with the involvement of technology, the rebuilding of demolished resources has gained momentum. In order to fully unlock the aquatic animal tracking potential, the professionals and experts need to understand its basic functionality. Tracking with a global positioning system (GPS) provides marine biologists with a varied array of biological data essential to study the movement of aquatic animals.
Invaluable information collected during the aquatic animal tracing enables researchers and scientists to take ecological decisions accordingly while simultaneously managing environmental, and conservative outcomes. In addition to management, professionals are exposed to a plethora of information ranging from temperature, heart rates, magnetic signatures, acceleration, pressure, and luminous wavelengths which not only helps to track endangered animals but also helps save the marine ecosystem.
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The water is a dense medium, and communication inside the marine atmosphere can be a complicated task to overcome and the RF signals fail to propagate in such conditions. However, with the inclusion of acoustic relays, the challenges of communicating inside the liquid environment are eliminated. Acoustic tags attached with the marine animals transmit ultrasonic waves which are conceived by satellites to provide real-time data to the users
While acoustic relays can seamlessly track aquatic animals, but the application becomes very limited due to the restricted signal barrier. Therefore, buoys need to cover a large area in order to catch the signals which increase the transportation expenses. However, with mobile transceivers, animal tracking across greater geographies becomes an easy and cost-effective task.
Pop-up satellite tags
Another promising technology to come out of digital empowerment is pop-up satellites. As the name implies, the labels momentarily detach itself from the aquatic animals and resurface in the water, which uses satellite connectivity to provide accurate real-time data.