The application of biotechnology in making the world a sustainable place to live in is quite unlimited. Let's look into a few areas where biotech has been making an elemental impact
FREMONT, CA: In the 21st century, pollution is perhaps one of the serious threat to human beings. At all forums, whether it be air, water, or soil, the living organism in the form of flora and fauna is the worst affected, and the situation is deteriorating with time. When most of the initiatives failed, biotechnology came to the rescue of humans, drawing sustainable processes from millions of years of evolution.
Biological processes can replace polluting chemical methods, allowing living organisms to break down wastes and produce new material with causing much lesser pollution to the water, soil, and energy use. The application of biotechnology in making the world a sustainable place to live in, is quite unlimited. Having said this, let's look into a few areas where biotech has been making an elemental impact.
Perhaps the biggest culprit behind the soaring air pollution is fossil fuels, which kills millions of people every year. Biofuels produced from crops have become an increasingly common alternative in recent years, but this, in turn, has started compromising with the agricultural land, leading to deforestation. To tackle this, some companies are using the natural ability of micro-organisms to break down agricultural or forestry waste to produce fuels.
Harsh chemicals based pesticides are used to get rid of pathogens and other micro-organisms from the agricultural fields, which in turn pollutes the environment and is extremely toxic for the humans. Biotechnology provides a solution to it by giving eco-friendly alternatives that depend on natural mechanisms like amoeba to fight pathogens.
Plastics pose a serious threat to the environment and is the most significant source of pollution of all aspects i.e., air, water, and soil. Wastes from petrochemical plants, as well as the non-biodegradable plastics, are huge problems for the environment. Biotechnology could offer a more sustainable alternative for the production of plastics like the use of microbial enzymes, bioplastics from agriculture and forestry wastes, etc.
Large volumes of toxic chemicals, energy, and water is required for the production of construction materials like concrete. High levels of carbon emissions are recorded during the process, which adds up to global warming. Adding living elements to this process could provide a sustainable alternative. Use of organic waste, mushrooms, bacteria helps in production as well as in repairing of the construction materials i.e., the concrete.
The textile industry is witnessing a rapid change than ever before. Fast-evolving fashion and trend is leaving behind mountains of waste every passing year. Biotechnology could replace the polluting chemical process and make textile waste biodegradable and recyclable. Using new technologies, microbes can replace enzymes for washing and bleach clothes and even produce textiles. Companies have started using bacterial fermentation, algae for the production of textiles.